What is the hip joint?
The hip joint (HJ) is the second largest joint after the knee, which forms a movable transition between the pelvis and the femur. We can say that the hip joint is similar to a ball joint: the cartilage covers the articular head and is submerged more than half into the acetabulum. The femoral head is the upper end of the femur, and the acetabulum is the part of the pelvis that surrounds the femoral head.
Varieties of diseases of the pelvis and hip joint
The hip joint is highly mobile due to the ball joint and cartilaginous fluid, which allows proper glide and covers the transition from the upper end of the femur to the acetabulum, which borders the cavity. The sealing of this joint and the performance of the additional fluid that nourishes the cartilage is provided by the cartilage capsule.
Falls or accidents can lead to hip joint diseases, accompanied by pain and discomfort. If excessive force is applied to the hip joint or hip, serious injuries can occur that can only be treated with surgery. Most often, our clinic is visited by patients with the following diseases:
- Sacroiliitis occurs with inflammation of the sacroiliac joints and is accompanied by pain in the lower back, impaired mobility of the spine and, in severe cases, can lead to disability. The inflammatory process of these joints can be primary and secondary (a specialist in our clinic will give you more information). To make such a diagnosis, it is necessary to undergo laboratory and instrumental examination.
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Длительность консультации: 45 мин.
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- Symphysitis is a change in the symphysis pubis tissue that suffered by women during pregnancy and is accompanied by a separation of the pubic bones. Symphysitis is felt by lumbago over the pubic surface, which intensifies with walking, turning and other physical exertion.If a woman suffers from symphysitis, her walk changes and the number of movements performed decreases. Symphysitis may be caused by increased secretion of relaxin or calcium deficiency. Symphysitis is divided into three degrees of severity: grade 1, grade 2, and grade 3.
- Coccygodynia characterized by incoming attacks of pain, constant pain in the coccyx region. Otherwise, this disease is also called coccygeal pain. To carry out a complete diagnosis of this disease, you need to be examined by a gynecologist, urologist and neuropathologist to eliminate diseases that are similar in symptoms.
- Enthesopathy of the semimembranosus / semitendinosus muscles of the thigh is a pathological condition caused by a combination of degenerative and inflammatory processes at the site of attachment of the periarticular tissues to the bone. The patient develops foci of ossification, the strength of the tendons decreases, there is a risk of tendon rupture and the overall working capacity decreases. Such a disease can occur as a result of excessive loads, already existing rheumatic diseases, with numerous microtraumas.
- Tendinosis of the posterior thigh muscle group is one of the most common injuries in athletes and is a component of a number of conditions. It is characterized by a degenerative process in the tendon tissues. Edema and collagen breakdown appear. In severe cases, mucous degeneration develops and the central part of the tendon is replaced by jelly-like mucous sediments.
- Trochanteritis bursitis is inflammation of the tendons where they attach to the greater trochanter. Along with this, inflammation of the nearby mucous membrane occurs. All together contribute to severe pain in the hip joint. The development of such a disease is facilitated by hypothermia, sedentary work, overweight, statistical changes in the spine.
- Iliopsoas bursitis is inflammation in the bursa located under the iliopsoas muscle. The pain is felt on the front of the thigh and radiates down the leg. Also, pain can be felt in the buttocks, which causes stiffness in the morning, pain when walking, when changing body positions and when lifting the legs.
- Sciatic bursitis affects the hip joint and is accompanied by pain, discomfort when moving, the presence of swelling with a soft structure. The cause of this disease can be trauma, occupational characteristics, excessive weight and the presence of inflammatory diseases in the human body.
Why is it important to see a specialist?
In our clinic work only professionals in their field, who will give you a guaranteed accurate diagnosis. In addition, with us you can undergo all types of examinations and pass the necessary tests. Remember, the earlier you see a doctor, the more successful the treatment process will be and the less pathologies and complications will develop.
► “Skewed” pelvis (retroflection )
► Cocarthrosis / osteoarthritis of the hip joint
► Osteochondropathy of the femoral head (Legg-Calve-Perthes disease)
► Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head
► Hip dysplasia
► Impingement of the hip joint
► Osteochondropathy of the tuberosity of the ischial bone
► Osteochondropathy of the sciatic-pubic joint (Van Neck disease, or Odelberg’s syndrome)
Pelvic diseases (caused by physical workload):
► Enthesopathy of the semimembranosus / semitendinosus muscles of the thigh
► Tendinosis of the posterior thigh muscle group
► Trochanteric bursitis (trochanteritis)
► Iliaccal bursitis
► Sciatic bursitis
► Post-traumatic cocceration
► Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS)
► Damage to the articular lip of the hip joint
► Damage to the muscles of the back of the thigh
► Damage to the muscles of the front of the thigh
► Damage to the adductor muscle group of the thigh
► Damage to the gluteal (large / middle) muscles
► Iliopsoas Syndrome
► Piriformis Syndrome
► Traumatic dislocation of the femur
► Combined fractures of the pelvic bones
► Fracture of the pelvic bones (sciatic / pubic)
► Fracture of the ilium / acetabulum
► Fracture of the upper third of the thigh / femoral neck
► Fracture of the sacrum
► Fracture of the tailbone